In this study an attempt is made to evaluate the
performance of the movement in the past and to analyze the
degree to which this movement meet the goals of creating
employment, increasing income, and improving welfare.
The study is divided into two parts. Part Ⅰ describes how
the movement evolved, the main content of NCM programs, and
the organization and functioning of the movement, and attempts
to analyze the performance of the movement in the past based
on official data and documents. Part Ⅱ tries to test the
economic feasibility of a particular NCM project in terms of
location, resource endowments and social costs and benefits. Part
Ⅱ also attempts to identify the factors affecting the success and
failure of a specific project in a specific region. The analysis in
Part Ⅱis based on information obtained from sample villages.