KDI Journal of Economic Policy, May 2020 - KDI 한국개발연구원 - 연구 - 보고서
본문 바로가기

KDI 한국개발연구원

KDI 한국개발연구원

SITEMAP

KDI 정책연구 KDI Journal of Economic Policy, May 2020 2020.05.30

표지

Series No. Vol.42, No.2

KDI 정책연구 KDI Journal of Economic Policy, May 2020

2020.05.30

  • KDI
    한국개발연구원
영문요약
Injunctions and Hold-up under Weak Patent Protection / Kyoungbo Sim

This paper analyzes how injunctions relate to patent hold-up problems. To this end, we present a simple model of licensing negotiations between a patent holder and a downstream firm in the shadow of litigation. More specifically, we consider the situation in which an injunction is granted as a matter of course if a patent is found valid and infringed upon in litigation, but the patent holder may be under-compensated due to aspects of the patent remedy system other than injunctions. We show that if the downstream user is unaware of the patent before any investment in initially designing its product, the patent hold-up problems created by injunction threats are worrisome when (i) the redesign process is costly, (ii) the degree of patent protection (by aspects of the patent remedy system other than injunctions) is sufficiently strong and (iii) the injunction is requested not to practice the patented technology exclusively but to collect excessive patent royalties. Even if the downstream user is aware of the patent before the initial investment, the patent hold-up problems do not disappear. The findings here imply that a discretionary approach is required towards denying injunctions against patent infringement. If the degree of patent protection is not sufficiently strong, denying injunctions can exacerbate the under-compensation problem. However, once patent protection improves enough (not necessarily perfectly), we may see a surge of patent hold-up problems, and it would be better to apply alternative patent remedies in place of injunctions when necessary. Lastly, we discuss several possible alternatives to injunctions and their pros and cons.

Adopting Local Languages as Official Languages: Effect on Women and Rural Individuals’ Labor Force in Burkina Faso / Souleymane Yameogo

This study investigates the impact of the use of the main local languages in Burkina Faso (Moore, Dioula, Fulfulde) on labor force participation. Using Ethnologue language data, I compute the relative language distance reduction index, after which I use a probit/logit model and instrumental variable approach to account for language use policy endogeneity. This study finds that the use of the Moore language increases the likelihood of labor force participation by 36 percent, with a strong impact on women at 59 percent, nine times higher than men, and 38.3 percent for rural individuals, five times higher than individuals living in urban areas. The Dioula language exhibits comparable trends, while Fulfulde has a negative impact on individuals. The study recommends the use of local language(s) as official language(s) to improve labor force participation. However, a bilingual approach combining local and international language(s) will be of use to account for globalization and international competitiveness. The findings here may be of use to researchers and policymakers as part of their effort to increase the labor force participation rates of women and rural individuals. Moreover, this research has significant implications with regard to the implementation of language use policies in a variety of postcolonial language contexts.

International Inflation Synchronization and Implications / Sora Chon

This study analyzes global inflation synchronization and derives policy implications for the Korean economy. Unlike previous studies that assume a single global inflation factor, this study investigates if inflation in Korea can be explained further by other global inflation factors. Our principal component analysis provides three principal components for global inflation that are linked to the Korea inflation rate ― the first component is closely related to OECD inflation, and the second and third components reflect China’s inflation. This study empirically demonstrates via in-sample fitting and out-of-sample forecasting that the three principal components of global inflation play a significant role in explaining and predicting Korean inflation in the short-term, while their role is limited in the mid-term. Domestic macroeconomic variables are found to be more important for the mid-term movements of the Korean inflation rate. The empirical results here suggest that the Bank of Korea should focus more on domestic economic conditions than on global inflation when implementing monetary policy because global factors are likely to be already reflected in domestic macro-variables in the mid-term.
목차
Injunctions and Hold-up under Weak Patent Protection / Kyoungbo Sim
 Ⅰ. Introduction
 Ⅱ. Model
 Ⅲ. Benchmark Royalty Rate and Payoff
 Ⅳ. Inadvertent Infringement
 Ⅴ. Early Negotiation
 Ⅵ. Policy Implications
 Ⅶ. Concluding Remarks
 APPENDIX
 REFERENCES

Adopting Local Languages as Official Languages: Effect on Women and Rural Individuals’ Labor Force in Burkina Faso / Souleymane Yameogo
 Ⅰ. Introduction
 Ⅱ. Language Distance, Labor Market Institutions, and Economic Outcomes
 Ⅲ.. Data analysis and empirical strategy
 Ⅳ. Results and discussion
 Ⅴ. Summary and recommendations
 REFERENCES

International Inflation Synchronization and Implications / Sora Chon
 Ⅰ. Introduction
 Ⅱ. Inflation Synchronization Phenomenon
 Ⅲ. In-sample Fitting and Out-of-sample Forecasting Analysis for Korean Inflation
 Ⅳ. Policy Implications
 Ⅴ. Conclusion
 REFERENCES
관련 자료 ( 9 )
  • 주요 관련자료
  • 같은 주제자료
공공누리

한국개발연구원의 본 저작물은 “공공누리 제3유형 : 출처표시 + 변경금지” 조건에 따라 이용할 수 있습니다. 저작권정책 참조

담당자
미디어운영팀윤정애 전문연구원 044-550-4450
이 페이지에서 제공하는 정보에 대하여 만족하시나요?
네이버로그인
카카오로그인
보안문자 확인

무단등록 및 수집 방지를 위해 아래 보안문자를 입력해 주세요.

KDI 직원 정보 확인

담당자 정보를 확인해 주세요.

등록완료

소중한 의견 감사드립니다.

등록실패

잠시 후 다시 시도해주세요.

Join our Newsletter

매일 새로운 소식으로 준비된 KDI 뉴스레터와 함께
다양한 정보를 확인하세요.